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Why Are There Four Gospels?

Why Are There Four Gospels?

Some people are confused why there are 4 gospels.  Are these gospels different and do they contradict one another?

Four witnesses were divinely chosen by god to become the writers of the four gospels.

God gave them this purpose of writing, so that each of them would present a specific portrait of Jesus.

Each gospel was meant to be a complete document/book. When you read a book, do you jump to page 154 and read the 46th line and then close the book and think you have understood the book?  Of course not. You start from page one.  In the same way, if you want to understand any gospel, you need to read from the first chapter to the last.

The 4 portraits of Jesus presented in the gospels blends into a perfect harmony like a four-part choir, to help us to see and know and understand who Jesus really is. I like to think of it as a 4-D portrait of Jesus!

When you understand the purpose of each Gospel, you will be amazed at the beauty and the power of the gospels and how they all fit in harmony.

Although all the Gospels are for everyone, each gospel writer had a specific focus in mind.

I urge you to please read on. Whether you’re Christian or Muslim, I am pretty sure you will be amazed if you have never known about these truths.

 

MATTHEW

Matthew presents Jesus as the MESSIAH / KING. He was writing primarily to the Jews. That is why you’ll find many references in Matthew’s book to the Old Testament writings and practices which the Jews were very familiar with.

Since Matthew was portraying Jesus as Messiah, he records Jesus’ legal genealogy right in Chapter 1; beginning from Abraham, to show Jesus was the one who was promised that would come as Messiah from the direct line of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and David.

The first miracle recorded by Matthew is of a leper being cleansed. Why? Because to the Jews, leprosy was symbolic of sin. And when Jesus healed the leper, it was not just a miraculous physical healing but it symbolic of Jesus the Messiah saving us from our sins.

Matthew focuses on what Jesus, the Messiah, SAID. That is why you’ll find chapter after chapter of Jesus teachings’ like the famous Sermon on the Mount in Matthew 5, 6, 7 and so on. (By the way, Matthew used to be a tax collector, so he was very meticulous in record keeping and he knew short-hand, so he was well-prepared to write this gospel that contains so much of what Jesus spoke.

This gospel ends with the account of Jesus’ resurrection as He Himself prophesied.

 

MARK

Mark presents Jesus as a SERVANT of God. The FOCUS is on what Jesus DID. That is why in this gospel you will find the most number of miracles recorded, more than the others. Mark does not write as much as Matthew did in quoting the words of Jesus. His focus was on what Jesus worked as a servant of God.

Can you understand why Mark does not place a genealogy in his account like Matthew did? Because a servant’s genealogy does not matter!

Mark was writing primarily to the Romans. Mark was multi-lingual, fluent in Latin (the language of the Romans), Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic. (In fact, in this gospel, you will come across a number of “foreign” words which Mark uses but clearly explains to make sure his readers understand.)

Mark was the perfect writer for this gospel that presents Jesus as a servant because he himself was a servant and assistant to Paul and then later to Peter. He was also a helper for a brief period to Luke as well. Basically, this gospel was the eyewitness account of Peter. Mark was Peter’s scribe. This gospel is summarized perfectly in 10:45. “For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to SERVE, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” There you have it, the story of the servant.

 

LUKE

Luke was a doctor. He presents Jesus as a human, SON OF MAN. He was writing primarily to the Greeks. This gospel focuses on how Jesus FELT as a human being. As a doctor, he was perfect to write about Jesus’ humanity.

Luke’s focus was Jesus as a man. So it should come as no surprise that Luke records Jesus’ genealogy and his record goes back to the first man, Adam. Unlike Matthew, who traced Jesus’ legal kingly line as proof of being the Messiah, Luke traces Jesus’ human blood line through Mary (since he had no human father) and shows His humanity. Can you see why Matthew and Luke had differing genealogies and the reasons for them?

Luke ends the gospel with Jesus’ promise of the Holy Spirit, to set up his sequel, the Book of Acts where he picks up from where he left off with the coming of the Holy Spirit, the Comforter, 40 days after the ascension of Jesus.

 

JOHN

John’s gospel was the last to be written, probably around 90 AD. The 3 earlier gospels were written around 50-60 AD.

In this gospel, John presents Jesus as the divine SON OF GOD. He focuses on WHO Jesus was. You will find in this gospel glimpses of His divinity. Just like the other gospels, this gospel is for everyone but John’s primary audience he had in mind were Christians.

Many people think there is no genealogy in John. Look carefully at verse one onwards. It is speaking of Jesus pre-existence, with and as God!  That’s His origin. Etenity!

Right from chapter one, John makes it clear that Jesus is divine and stepped into His own creation (John 1:14). In chapter 3, you will find that Jesus says He came from heaven. In John 5, 8, 10 and other places you will see evidences that Jesus is God.

In fact, there is no way you can miss John’s purpose in writing this gospel because he states in clearly towards the end of the book in 20:31, “These are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.” If you read a verse in John and come to any other conclusion different from what John stated, then you have missed the message of this book. YOu contradict the author and you are wrong.

John ends this gospel with the promise of Jesus’ return, thus setting up John’s sequel book, Revelation, where he picks up again on the second coming of Jesus and what will happen then.

 

As you can see, the gospels are not just random verses or chapters thrown together. It is a book to be read and understood as a whole. Not picking a verse here and a verse there to create your own opinion or false theology.

Now when you read the gospel, you will have a clarity you never had before of what it all actually means. You will understand why certain things are in one gospel but not in another. And most important of all, you will see Jesus for who He truly is, Messiah, Servant, Man, God.

This diagram below summarizes these points.

gospel

adapted from the lectures of Chuck Missler.

Where Is The Original Authentic Bible?

Where Is The Original Authentic Bible?

Every Muslim believes that the Bible has been changed. Let’s think about this for a minute.

The Quran AFFIRMS and PRAISES the earlier scriptures. This means that DURING the time of Muhammad the Bible, which is made up of Torah, Zabur & Injil was INTACT. Correct? So you believe the Bible must have been changed AFTER the 8th century AD. Fine.

Now listen. Scholars have Bible manuscripts dating HUNDREDS of years BEFORE Muhammad was born! The Bible had been spread throughout the known world for hundreds of years before Quran came into existence! Today’s Bible is virtually the same as what we find recorded in the manuscripts dating from 2nd and 3rd and 4th century AD which were discovered in the 20th century! (Muhammad lived in the 7th century AD.)

 

The Codex Sinaiticus, from the fourth century, contains the whole of the New Testament and much of the Old. Preserved for centuries and you can see it today in the British Museum in London.  It says what today’s Bible says.

The Codex Alexandrinus. This volume, written in the fifth century after Christ, contains the whole Bible except for a few leaves lost. You can see it in the British Museum. Nothing is contained in it that is not part of our current Bible!

The Codex Vaticanus. Probably the oldest surviving manuscript of the whole Bible. It was written in the fourth century and is preserved in the Vatican Library in Rome.

These manuscripts prove conclusively that the only scriptures in the hands of the Church at least two hundred years prior to Muhammad’s time were the Old and New Testaments as we know them today.

 

Even if someone “re-wrote” the Bible as many Muslims claim, where are all the thousands of original Bible that had gone all over the world for hundreds of years?

Not only that. The Bible was already translated to various languages hundreds of years BEFORE Muhammad.

The Septuagint. This is the title of the first translation of the Old Testament into Greek. It was likewise transcribed in the second century before Christ. The first century church used this Bible. And we still have it.

The Latin Vulgate.  The whole Bible was translated into Latin in the fourth century after Christ.  again, this was hundreds of years before Muhammad and contains the scriptures of the Old and New Testaments as we know them today.

 

How could someone change all these copies, all the translations, make the same changes in every one of them, all over the world? Remember, thousands of copies had been produced and gone all over the known world.  [One significant piece of manuscripts is known as the P52, a portion of John’s Gospel found in Egypt written around 125 AD.  This shows copies of scripture had been made and spread to other parts of the world early on in history.]

 

Is someone intended to make dishonest changes to the word of God, don’t you think there would be some true and honest Jews or Christians or Muslims in the world who could have easily kept, preserved and produced the original intact Bible to denounce this “great deception” and defend the original word of God. No one has ever produced any such Bible ever. Why?

There is no alternative source of evidence suggesting that the life and teachings Jesus Christ were substantially other than that which is recorded in the Bible.

This is exactly what honest Muslim scholars through the centuries have said:

“How could there be any alteration in the Book whose words’ sharpness has reached a great level of circulation in the East and in the West? … For no change can occur in a book that is well circulated among men. Every wise man can see that the alteration of the Bible was impossible for it was well circulated among men of different faith and backgrounds.”

Al-Razi (865 – 925 AD) One of the most famous Muslim scholars, called “the Imam of Muslim Imams”

 

“As far as the text of the Bible is concerned, it has not been altered. No attempt was made to present a diverging text as the authentic one.”
Sayyid Ahmad Khan (1817 – 1898), a prominent and influential Muslim modernist
“… the charge of corruption of the Biblical texts makes no sense at all. It would not have been possible for Jews and Christians everywhere to agree on changing the text. Even if those in Arabia had done it, the difference between their book and those of their brothers, let us say in Syria and Europe, would have been obvious…We believe that these Gospel accounts are the true Gospel.”

Muhammad ‘Abduh (1849 – 1905), an Egyptian religious scholar

 

Be honest with yourself.  Do you have any historical evidences to substantiate your argument that the Bible as we know it has been changed?
1. What was it originally? Why isn’t there any other “Bible”?

2. What, precisely, was changed to make it the book it is today?

3. Who made these changes?

4. When were the changes made in history?

No one has been able to produce answers to these questions. Why? Because such evidences quite simply do not exist.

 

The Prophet That Moses Wrote About

The Prophet That Moses Wrote About

Moses recorded what God said.

“I (God) will raise up for them (Israelites) a prophet like you (Moses) from among their brothers (the 12 tribes of Israel). And I will put my words in his mouth, and he (the prophet) shall speak to them (Israelites) all that I command him.” (Deuteronomy 18:18; words in parentheses mine)

WHO IS THIS PROPHET MOSES WROTE ABOUT?

Jesus said: “If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say.”(John 5:46-47)

HE WROTE ABOUT ME!

Jesus Himself is declaring and admitting that Moses wrote about him!

 

In fact all the prophets wrote about Jesus.

“Then Jesus took them (disciples) through the writings of Moses and all the prophets, explaining from all the Scriptures the things concerning himself.” (Luke 24:27)

 

Jesus is the ONE. Jesus is the Way and the Truth and the Life.

So Jesus said, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I AM HE and that I do nothing on my own but speak just what the Father has taught me. (John 8:28)

If you do not believe that Jesus is who He claims to be, this is what will happen to you…..

Jesus continued, “You are from below; I am from above. You belong to this world; I do not. That is why I said that you will die in your sins; for unless you believe that I AM who I claim to be, you will die in your sins.” (John 8:23-24)

Satan’s Secret Agenda

Satan’s Secret Agenda

Satan hates God. He would do anything to oppose God.

When God created Adam and Eve, satan showed up to deceive them and caused them to disobey God and fall into sin.

There were consequences to both Adam and Eve because of that sin. They were cast out from the garden and fell under satan’s domain of sin and death.

What many miss or overlook is, there was also a very disastrous consequence for satan.

In Genesis 3:15, God speaks to satan:snake
“And I will put enmity between…your seed and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”

God was promising that SOMEONE would come and crush satan! Satan had won a huge victory against man, Adam but, another man, the seed of the woman, would come and defeat satan but it wold not be without a cost.

 

Who was this seed?
Who did satan think it was? He didn’t know. All he knew was it would be a man, and it would be the seed of a woman.

When Eve gave birth to her first son, satan must have been convinced that Cain was the ONE.
So satan had his hands in Cain’s life, planting the seeds of sin, anger, jealousy, hatred in him so that satan could control him. Even when Adam and Eve had their second son, Abel, satan probably was not even interested. He was focused on his plan to destroy Cain’s life so Cain would not “crush his head” and destroy him.

Then one day, something unexpected happened. When Cain and Abel sacrificed their offerings to God, He rejected Cain’s offering and accepted Abel’s offering! What a shck this must have been for satan! Something he had not foreseen at all!

While satan had thought Cain was the one that was going to destroy him, this incident where God accepted Abel’s sacrofice and rejected Cain’s was a sign (or so he thought) that Abel was the ONE that God had promised would crush him. This was a sudden and dangerous situation for satan. He had no idea what kind of threat Abel posed. So satan had to act immediately. He used Cain, whom he already had control over to murder Abel so he could get rid of the threat to him.

Now satan thought he had defeated God and destroyed His plans. But he soon realized that Abel was not the ONE after all!

abel

There was SOMEONE else still to come. But who?

When you read the Bible beginning from Genesis, you will see satan’s desperation throughout the centuries in trying to find out who the ONE was and his attempts to destroy those he thought was the ONE.

Satan knew from the prophecies that the ONE would come from the lineage of Abraham, Isaac & Jacob. Therefore he kept a close eye on this family line.

Joseph was born around 1750 BC. He was the favoured and special son of Jacob and Rachel. So satan now thought that Joseph was the ONE. Satan incited Joseph’s own brothers to kill him, and they eventually sell him off as a slave to a foreign country. Satan was content with that and tried to ensure that Joseph would rot in a prison in Egypt for the rest of his life and pose no threat to him. But God rescued Joseph. Not only preserving his life but elevating him to the position of Prime Minister of Egypt, shaming satan!

Of course, satan was furious.  Satan knew the line of Jacob was continuing to grow and soon the day will come when the ONE will appear! He then pushes the pharoah to order the killing of all Hebrew baby boys born in a desperate attempt to wipe out any future seeds of Jacob’s family!

He fails again. Moses is born and survives. And God uses him mightily to bring the enslaved Hebrew people out of Egypt, symbolizing how the ONE would would come one day to also lead His people out of slavery to sin and satan just like Moses did. This was getting serious for satan.

moses

For the next 500 years satan goes after individuals, one after another, whom he thinks would be the ONE, trying to corrupt them, to turn them away from God and to destroy their lives.  Read the accounts in the Bible.

David was born around 1150 BC. The prophet Samuel prophesies that God will see to it that it would be one of David’s descendant who will have the throne forever! Satan realizes if he could kill David, then David would have no descendants and the ONE he dreaded would never be born!

Satan uses King Saul to try and kill David many times but fails.  Even the giant, Goliath, was no match for him. Satan was so desperate that he even uses David’s own son, Absalom, to try and kill David. In the end, both Saul and Absalom and all of David’s enemies die but David lives and takes the throne of Israel and becomes the greatest King of Israel.

Satan tries everything but God protects the lineage of Abraham, Isaac & Jacob from the hands of satan and God fulfills His purposes in their lives. Satan could do very little to stop God’s plans.

Time and time again satan fails to identify the ONE who would be coming to crush him.

Around 700 BC, the prophet Isaiah declares,

“The Lord himself will give you the sign. Look! The virgin will conceive a child! She will give birth to a SON and will call him Immanuel (which means ‘God is with us’). Isaiah 7:14

Then, another prophet Micah prophecies exactly where the ONE would be born:

“Bethlehem Ephrathah, you are small among the clans of Judah; One will come from you to be ruler over Israel for Me. His origin is from antiquity, from eternity.” Micah 5:2

 

Satan sees this and gets some very important clues! Now he knows The ONE must be born of a virgin! In Bethlehem! He had been targeting the wrong ONES for thousands of years! Now he knew what to look for. He can relax for now…and then….

Seven hundred years later, Mary, a virgin, gives birth to a son in Bethlehem. 

birth-baby-jesus

Satan rouses up, excited and scared at the same time. The ONE had come! The ONE he had been dreading was finally here! All the signs were fulfilled. Born of a virgin. Seed of a woman. Born in Bethlehem. A descendant of David. Everything had fallen into place.

Satan wanted to strike early and fast before this baby could even grow up and crush him.  Satan uses King Herod to order the killing of all baby boys in the region! Many babies are slaughtered but satan fails to touch Jesus.

As Jesus grows up satan realizes that Jesus is no ordinary man. He was perfect. He was sinless unlike any man since Adam sinned.  But no one is sinless except GOD. Could it be???

His worst fears are realized.  He sees the signs and Jesus ‘ own words confirms it. God didn’t just send any man!

He came Himself in the form of human man!

This revelation shakes satan to the core. This was something completely unexpected!  But satan feels that as long as God had limited Himself in a human body, he will have a chance to kill Jesus.

For the next 3 years satan works furiously to find ways to kill Jesus ~  the crowds, the Jewish authorities, Jesus’ enemies, the attenots to stone him, the attenpt to throw him off a cliff; everything fails until he manages to make use of one of Jesus’ own disciples, Judas, to betray Him.

There was no one happier than satan when Jesus was crucified on the cross. His plans had succeeded! He had killed Jesus, the ONE who was supposed to crush him! He had won! He had defeated God Himself! God’s promise to crush satan seemed to lie in shambles.

What satan failed to realize was that it was not over yet! Satan seemed to have won but was about to lose the WAR. Big time!

Jesus was killed but it was merely a “strike at his heel”. You see, Satan had thrown his ultimate and final weapon at Jesus. DEATH. Jesus, as a man succumbed to it but Death was not powerful enough to keep Jesus dead like every other human being! Jesus, the Divine Son of God overcame Death! “Death has been swallowed up in victory.” (I Corinthians 15:54). With Death’s defeat, satan was now powerless! He had been stripped of all his authority including his last and most feared weapon! Where Adam failed, Jesus succeeded! Where Adam had surrendered his authority to satan, Jesus regained it back!

But there was something else too that God accomplished through the death and resurrection of Jesus. No one saw this coming. Not satan. Not even the angels. Not a single human being. This was God’s perfect plan and victory.  This was specifically why Jesus had come ~ “…to give His life as a ransom for many…” (Matthew 20:28)

The Bible says, the punishment for sin is death, even if it is just one sin. That is what happened to Adam and Eve. So who can make it without sinning? No one except Jesus. He alone, as the sinless ONE could take our punishment of death. This is what happened on the cross. Satan had not anticipated it at all! It sealed his eternal fate! That’s why, it is written: “(Satan) has not understood it; if he had, he would not have crucified our glorious Lord.” (I Corinthians 2:8)

Now anyone, including you and I, who choose to stand behind Jesus and trust Him as Saviour would receive Jesus’ victory over satan. This means we’re saying YES to Jesus’ Kingdom and NO to satan’s defeated kingdom. Satan has no more power over anyone who chooses Jesus. We’re no longer sons of Adam. We’re now sons of God through Jesus Christ. If you choose to remain a son of Adam, you will be cast out like he was. if you choose to be reborn as a son of God, you have a new life.

Satan now only has power over those who continue to reject Jesus because their sins are still unpaid for, because they have refused Jesus’ offer of salvation and forgiveness! Death still hangs over them.

Satan now only has one potent weapon left. DECEPTION. That’s what he used against Adam and Eve in the beginning.  Now until the end of the world, he will use it again and again to deceive. He is the greatest deceiver and Jesus said, satan is the father of lies.

Satan’s greatest regret might be not understanding God’s plan of salvation. What satan thought was his greatest victory at the cross was actually his ultimate defeat! That’s why he hates the cross. Because it is a reminder of his defeat and failure there!

cross

Now satan must continue to use deception to try and wipe out the memory of his blunder. How?

By denying what happened at the cross! And denying that Jesus died!
Satan must create a lie so he can continue to deceive people all over the world, so they will say, “Jesus did not die on the cross.”

Are you one of those who say this today?

If you don’t know what really happened at the cross, you will have no chance at salvation.

If you believe that Jesus did not die, there is no chance of forgiveness of sins for you.

You will remain a sinner and when you die, satan takes you to hell. As long as you don’t make it to heaven, it’s satan’s small act of revenge and rebellion against God who loves you and wants you saved through His Son.

This is satan’s final agenda now until the end comes.

 

Jesus says to us, “I told you that you would die in your sins; if you do not believe that I AM he, you will indeed die in your sins.” John 8:24

Is Muhammad the Comforter?

Is Muhammad the Comforter?

In John 14:16-17 – Jesus says to His disciples, Peter, James, John and the others:

1.“And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Comforter, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you.”

Muslims claim that the Comforter that is addressed by Jesus in this verse is Muhammad.

Let’s examine if this could be true.

In John 14:16-17, Jesus us speaking to his disciples.

The Father will send another Comforter (“Ahmad”).  Another? Was there a previous Ahmad that Jesus asked the Father to send? Who was it?

Th Spirit of Truth. Is Muhammad a spirit?

The world cannot receive, because the world cannot see him or know him? Why not? Was Muhammad invisible? The world did see Muhammad. The world did know him.  The world cannot receive him? Hundreds of millions of muslims have received him.

You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you. Remember Jesus was speaking to His disciples. Did Peter and John know Muhammad? Did they write about him? Did Muhammad dwell with them? Was Muhammad IN the disciples?

 

2. John 14:26 – But the Comforter, which is the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

This verse clearly says that the Comforter is the Holy Spirit but let’s just ignore that.

The Father will send the Comforter in Jesus name. Was Muhammad sent in Jesus name?

He shall teach all things and bring to remembrance all things that Jesus said to His disciples. Did Muhammad remind and teach Jesus’ disciples of what Jesus had told them? When did Muhammad meet them? Is that Muhammad’s message in the quran?

 

3. John 15:26 – But I will send you the Comforter — the Spirit of truth. He will come to you from the Father and will testify all about me.

I will send you the Comforter. Did Jesus send Muhammad?

The Spirit of Truth. Again is Muhammad a spirit?

He will come to you from the Father. Did Muhammad come from the Father? Wasn’t he a just man born on earth? Wouldn’t this be shirk to associate Muhammad had been with God before he came?

 

4. John 16:14 – Jesus is speaking: He (Comforter) will bring me glory by telling you whatever he receives from me. All that belongs to the Father is mine; this is why I said, ‘The Spirit will tell you whatever he receives from me.

He will bring me glory. Did Muhammad give Jesus glory or did he give Allah glory? This Comforter would seem to be blaspheming Allah.

The Spirit will tell you whatever he receives from me. Did Muhammad tell the disciples what he received from Jesus? Or did he tell what he received from Allah?

All that belongs to the Father is mine. Jesus is basically saying that He is equal with the Father, and that is why what the Spirit receives from Jesus is the same as receiving from the Father.

 

5. John 16:13 – When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own but will tell you what he has heard. He will tell you about the future.

He will not speak on his own but will tell you what he has heard.  This is clarified in verse 14, that He will only speak what He receives from Jesus.  What did Muhammad receive from Jesus that he spoke?

He will tell you about the future. Did Muhammad make any prophecies about the future?

 

6. John 16:7 – Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.

Muslims see this verse and question, “Wait a minute, the Holy Spirit had already come, so why would Jesus say that the Comforter would only come to you after Jesus departs?”

In the Old Testament times, the Holy Spirit only came upon prophets, kings and priests to guide them in their service. But now Jesus was promising the Holy Spirit would come EVEN to them, the disciples. See the prophecy in Joel 2:28

I will send him to you. Did Jesus send Muhammad? Why didn’t Muhammad ever mention this?  Did Jesus send him to His disciples, Peter, John and others? If Jesus sent Muhammad, why did Muhammad know or say nothing about Allah and followed the multiple pagan gods like his parents for 40 years of his life?

 

7. John 7:39 – Now this he said about the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were to receive, for as yet the Spirit had not been given, because Jesus was not yet glorified.

This verse confirms what I said above. Jesus is saying that the disciples and believers would receive the Holy Spirit. They had not received the Holy Spirit yet at that point in time. They would receive the Spirit after Jesus had ascended to heaven.

 

8. Luke 24:49 And now I will send the Holy Spirit, just as my Father promised. But stay here in the city until the Holy Spirit comes and fills you with power from heaven.”

This was spoken by Jesus after His resurrection and before His ascension. He was telling them to wait in the city of Jerusalem until the Holy Spirit comes.

If this reference is to Muhammad, the disciples would have had to wait in Jerusalem for a mighty loooong time. More than 600 years! And even then Muhammad didn’t come to Jerusalem, did he? The disciples obeyed Jesus and waited in Jerusalem. 40 days after Jesus had ascended to heaven, the Comforter, the Holy Spirit did come as promised! (You can read about it in Acts 2)

 

9. Acts 2:33 – Peter said: “And the Father, as He had promised, gave Jesus the Holy Spirit to pour out upon us, just as you see and hear today.”

Here is Peter acknowledging what had just happened. They received the Holy Spirit just as Jesus had promised (as in the verses recorded in John).
.

10. John 16:8-9 – Jesus is speaking: And when he comes, he will convict the world of its sin….The world’s sin is that it refuses to believe in me

One of the things which the Comforter will do is to convict the world of sin. What is that sin? The world’s sin is that it refuses to believe in Jesus.
Did Muhammad do that? Did he convict the world of the sin of refusing to believe in Jesus or refusing to believe in Allah?

 

Finally, let’s see what happens when one receives the Comforter, Holy Spirit….
Romans 8:16 – For his Spirit joins with our spirit to affirm that we are God’s children.

Galatians 4:6 – And because we are his children, God has sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, prompting us to call out, “Abba, Father.”

Does Muhammad join himself to our spirit? Does Muhammad affirm we are God’s children? Does he prompt us to call God as Father?

It is the Holy Spirit that enable Christians to call God Father.
Is Muhammad the Comforter that Jesus promised? No, Jesus was clearly speaking about the Holy Spirit and not a human being.
In trying to force Muhammad into the role of the Comforter, you are dishonoring Muhammad.  He would never say or do any of these things that is described and spoken of for the Comforter.

 

PROLOGUE

Why do Muslims claim that the Comforter that is addressed by Jesus refers to Muhammad? Why? Because they say in the original Greek the word used is “Periklytos” which means “praised one” referring to Muhammad.

Let’s see if there is historical basis for this claim.

jn146
It says PARAKLETOS!

When we look into the original Greek text, the word used is NOT Periklytos but PARAKLETOS.  Παράκλητον

Parakletos means advocate, ‘the one called alongside to help’ or comforter.  Not “praised one.”

Could “Parakletos” be a corruption? Did someone change the word sometime in history to remove this reference to Muhammad?

Well, let’s look at history then. Examine the manuscript evidence. The Codex Sinaiticus (http://www.codexsinaiticus.com)  is dated 350 A.D. If you study the word in this manuscript, you will find that it is “PARAKLETOS” Παράκλητον  not periklytos as alleged!

Notice the screenshot of the manuscript on the left and the  RED underlined word.

Remember, this document precedes Muhammad by more than 300 years; way before the advent of Islam and centuries before Muhammad was even born! No one knew who Muhammad was. Why would anyone change words that they knew nothing about?

What Did Jesus Say Quiz

What Did Jesus Say Quiz

Let’s play a game. It’s called: WHAT DID JESUS SAY.

There are 10 questions. All you have to do is pick the right answer, either options (A) or (B), for what Jesus actually said.
All the questions are based on CONVERSATIONS that Jesus had with people.

Each answer you get right, you score 10 points. If you get 100%, you really do know know who Jesus is. If you score anything less than 100%, then you need to learn the truth about Jesus.

 

Q1. A man with leprosy approaches Jesus and kneels before Him.
Man: Lord, if you are willing, you can heal me and make me clean.
Jesus said….
A. No, it is not about my will. It is whether God wills or not. God willing, you may be healed.
B. I am willing. Be healed! (and instantly the leprosy disappeared).

 

Q2. A Roman centurion comes to Jesus and asks for help.
Roman officer: Lord, my young servant lies in bed, paralyzed and in terrible pain.
Jesus said….
A. Have you tried camel urine?
B. I will come and heal him.

 

Q3. Jesus and His disciples are in a boat. There is a fierce storm
Disciples: “Lord, save us! We’re going to drown!”
Jesus said….
A. Let’s all pray. Perhaps God will hear us. He alone is in control of nature.
B. Why are you afraid? You have so little faith! (Then he silenced and stilled the wind and waves, and suddenly there was a great calm.)

 

Q4. A wild demon possessed man sees Jesus from a distance, runs and bows low to Jesus and shrieks.
Demon possessed man: “Why are you interfering with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg you, don’t torture me!”
Jesus said…
A. Look, I’m just minding my own business here.
B. Come out of the man, you evil spirit! (and the man was healed and became perfectly sane.)

 

Q5. A paralyzed man is carried to Jesus
Jesus: My child, your sins are forgiven.
Religious teachers: This is blasphemy! Only God can forgive sins!
Jesus said….
A. You are right. Only God can forgive sins. I can’t.
B. I will prove to you that I have the authority on earth to forgive sins. (then he turns to the paralyzed man and heals him.)

 

Q6. Jairus, leader of the synagogue, comes to Jesus to seek help.
Jairus: My daughter has just died but you can bring her back to life again if you just come and lay your hand on her.
Jesus said….
A. It’s too late. She is in hell now awaiting the day of judgement.
B. Don’t be afraid. Just have faith, and she will be healed. (and Jesus raises the girl back to life.)

 

Q7. Jesus is with His disciples and asks them a question.
Jesus: Who do you say I am?
Simon Peter: You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.
Jesus said….
A. No, I’m not. I’m just a prophet and a messenger.
B. Blessed are you, Simon. This was not revealed to you by any human, but by my Father in heaven.

 

Q8. Some parents brought their little children to Jesus for him to place his hands on them and pray for them.
Disciples: Go away. The Master does not have time for them.
Jesus said….
A. Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, I’d like to see if there are any cute 6 year olds.
B. Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these.

 

Q9. Ten men are healed of leprosy. Only one of the healed men returns to Jesus to give thanks.
Man healed of leprosy: Praise God (and he falls to the ground at Jesus feet)
Jesus said….
A. It’s not me you should be thanking. I’m only a servant. I didn’t heal you. Thank God alone for your healing.
B. Didn’t I heal ten men? Where are the other nine? Has no one else returned to give glory to God except you?

 

Q10. After Jesus rises from the dead, He appears to the disciples.
Thomas: My Lord and My God!
Jesus said….
A. For the last time, Thomas, stop that! How many times do I have to tell you that I’m not God!
B. You believe because you have seen me. Blessed are those who believe without seeing me.

 

note: scripture verses are from the NLT. Some verses are paraphrased for clarity.

[cheat sheet: Q1-3 from Matthew 8 ; Q4 from Mark 5 ; Q5 from Mark 2 ; Q6 from Matthew 9 & Luke 8 ; Q7 from Matthew 16 ; Q8 from Matthew 19 ; Q9 from Luke 17 ; Q10 from John 20]

What Came First – Bible or Quran?

What Came First – Bible or Quran?

If tomorrow morning, I make a claim that an angel of God had appeared to me and told me to write a new holy book and to call it the final and ultimate scriptures for the whole world, would you accept what I say?

You’d laugh at me. You’d call me delusional.  You’d also shame me by asking for some form of proof or evidence, that an angel had appeared to me.  If I cannot offer any evidence, what would you call me? A lunatic and a liar?

But let’s say, you choose to give me the benefit of the doubt, and decide to examine my new scriptures, just to humor me. Then as you start reading my book, you find that it does not agree with the earlier revealed scripture, the Quran.

Would you accept that my book is the right one and reject your book? Of course not. You will challenge me to prove that my book is true!

What if I explain to you that the reason my scripture differs from the Quran is because the Quran has been corrupted? Would that be ridiculous!  Of course, it will not make sense at all for me to claim that!

I would have to prove that what is written in my scripture is true. And not make allegations that the Quran is false, and thus my book is true.

In other words, you would not judge your Quran based on what my new scripture says. Rather, you will judge my book based on what your Quran says!  If my book contradicts the earlier revelation of the Quran, then my book is wrong. As simple as that.

 

The Burden Of Proof

The Quran was written in 7th century AD by the recitations of a man in the desert who claimed an angelic being visited him.  I’m not saying it didn’t happen. I’m asking can anyone verify this visitation? There were no witnesses to what actually happened. And Muhammad did no miracles to prove what he was saying, like the prophets of old like Moses or Elijah.

Yet, he revealed a new scripture, the Quran, that contradicts the earlier revealed scriptures, the Bible.  The Bible was written between 1400 BC & 95 AD. By 400AD, hundreds of years before Muhammad, the Bible was already widely distributed throughout the known world at that time in multiple languages. And yet, Muslims claim that it is the Bible that has been corrupted instead of showing proof that what the Quran says is true. Muhammad himself never claimed that the earlier scriptures were corrupted or lost. In fact, he affirmed and praised them.

You cannot judge the Bible based on what the Quran says. Rather, you have to judge the Quran based on what the Bible says. Since Islam came many centuries after Christianity, Islam has the burden of proof and not Christianity. The Bible tests and judges the Quran. If the Bible and the Quran contradict each other, the Bible must logically be given first place as the older authority. The Quran is the one in error until it proves itself. 

Can God Have A Son?

Can God Have A Son?

Muslims are disgusted at the thought of God having a Son.  Sadly, Muslims think this is what Christians believe ~ that Jesus was born because God was the Father and Mary was the mother. This is blasphemy, they cry.

Actually, it is we Christians who are disgusted that Muslims would even think or suggest this!

Muslims fail to understand that “Son of God” is a title, just like “Messiah” is a title.  Son-ship does not mean a biological relationship but a spiritual one. Son of God means ‘of the same essence’ or ‘of the same nature’ as God.

If I say, I am a son of my country, does it mean my country had sex and gave birth to me?  If we say, Gandhi was the father of India, does it mean Gandhi had to have sex with someone to produce India? In Ephesians, there is the phrase “sons of disobedience” referring to those who are allied with satan.  ‘Sons of disobedience’ simply means they are of the nature of disobedience.

Why are Muslims confused with the understanding of the word “Son”? There are two words in Arabic for “son”. One is “Ibn” ﺍﺑﻦ and the other is Walad ﻮﻟﺪ

‘Walad’ means a ‘physical son’ in the literal sense of the word, as in the biological product of a sexual union between a man and a woman.
“Ibn” can also mean son, but it can carry a more spiritual or metaphorical meaning.

So I could say. I’m a son (walad) of my dad and I’m a son (ibn) of my country.  There would be no confusion about what I mean.  Unfortunately, in English, there is only one word for son, while there are two in Arabic. Yet, it is the Muslims who are confused when reading the Bible and Quran.

 

In Matthew 16:16, Peter says to Jesus: “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.” This same Bible verse in Arabic is: فَأجابَ سِمعانُ بُطرُسُ: «أنتَ هُوَ المَسِيحُ، ابْنُ اللهِ الحَيِّ.

What is the word used for Son here? it’s “Ibn” ﺍﺑﻦ . Not walad.
Let’s look at another one.

1 John 4:15: “If anyone acknowledges that Jesus is the Son of God, God lives in them and they in God.”

In Arabic: وَكُلُّ مَنْ يَعتَرِفُ أنَّ يَسُوعَ هُوَ ابنُ اللهِ، فَإنَّ اللهَ يَثْبُتُ فِيهِ، وَهُوَ يَثْبُتُ فِي اللهِ.

What is the word used for Son here again? “Ibn” ﺍﺑﻦ

Whenever a reference is made to Jesus as the Son of God, it is always in this sense. Nothing else.

Read your Bibles in Arabic, and I challenge you to show me any reference where Jesus is said to be “walad” (biological son) of God. It’s always “ibn”. In other words, Jesus is Ibnu’llah, not Walad’ullah.
This is what Christians have always believed. This is what the Bible teaches. No Christian has ever thought or imagined that Jesus was the biological son of God, the result of some divine-human sexual intercourse.

But this is exactly what Muslims have tried to force on Christians insisting that this is what we believe! No, we don’t! Muslims have created their own straw man and have been attacking it for ages! And they don’t even realize it! This is a logical fallacy.

God is Spirit. A human is a physical being. God does not relate to humans the way a man and a woman do with each other in a sexual union.

In fact, the Bible says in Isaiah, 700 years before Mary was even born: “A virgin shall conceive and bear a child”. It says VIRGIN. When Mary conceived, she was a virgin. When she bore the child, she was still a virgin.

Nothing happened. So, please get your minds out of the gutter!:)
So where does a Muslim get this idea from, that Jesus is the biological son of God, if it is not from Christians and not from the Bible?
Let’s take a look at the Quran and see if we can get some help.

Turn to Surah 6:101:
To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth: How can He have a son when He hath no consort? He created all things, and He hath full knowledge of all things.

بديع السماوات والأرض أنى يكون له ولد ولم تكن له صاحبة وخلق كل شيء وهو بكل شيء عليم
هو { بديع السماوات والأرض } مبدعهما من غير مثال سبق { أنَّى } كيف { يكون له ولد ولم تكن له صاحبة } زوجة { وخلق كلَّ شيء } من شأنه أن يخلق { وهو بكل شيء عليمٌ } .

Transliteration:
BadeeAAu assamawatiwal-ardi anna yakoonu lahu waladun walamtakun lahu sahibatun wakhalaqa kulla shay-in wahuwabikulli shay-in AAaleem

Do you see what word is used for son? It’s WALAD!  In other words, this verse is talking about a physical biological “son”.
Another one: Surah 39:4
Had Allah wished to take to Himself a son, He could have chosen whom He pleased out of those whom He doth create: but Glory be to Him! (He is above such things.) He is Allah, the One, the Irresistible.

لو أراد الله أن يتخذ ولدا لاصطفى مما يخلق ما يشاء سبحانه هو الله الواحد القهار

Transliteration
Law arada Allahu an yattakhithawaladan lastafa mimma yakhluqu mayashao subhanahu huwa Allahu alwahidualqahhar

Again, did you notice which word is used for son? WALAD! Not IBN!

No wonder Muslims think that when we talk about God’s Son, it must means a biological son of God because that is the word that the Quran uses!  But that’s never in the Bible!

The Quran is basically saying that God does not have or take a son as a result of any sexual union. AND WE CHRISTIANS AGREE 100%.
Here are more Quranic verses that uses the word “walad” when speaking about son.

Surah 19:35
It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him! when He determines a matter, He only says to it, “Be”, and it is.

ما كان لله أن يتخذ من ولد سبحانه إذا قضى أمرا فإنما يقول له كن فيكون

Ma kana lillahi anyattakhitha min waladin subhanahu itha qadaamran fa-innama yaqoolu lahu kun fayakoon
Surah 43:81
Say: “If (Allah) Most Gracious had a son, I would be the first to worship.”

قل إن كان للرحمن ولد فأنا أول العابدين
قل إن كان للرحمن ولد } فرضاً { فأنا أول العابدين } للولد لكن ثبت أن لا ولد له تعالى فانتفت عبادته .

Qul in kana lirrahmaniwaladun faana awwalu alAAabideen
Surah 19:91
That they attribute to the Most Merciful a son.
أن دعوا للرحمن ولدا
An daAAaw lirrahmaniwalada

My question is: Who has ever attributed a ‘WALAD’ to God?  Not Christians. Whoever said or wrote this verse was unaware that Christianity does not say that God has a ‘WALAD’.  So why are there such verses in the Quran?

 

What does all this mean?

If we look at all these verses in the Quran, and based on these verses, we can come to a few simple conclusions:

1. Allah does not have a son (walad; a physical, biological son)

2. If Allah wished to have a son (walad), he could. It is a possibility IF he wanted to. (43:81).

3. But if Allah wanted to have a son (walad), he would need a wife/consort. (6:101)

4. Since Allah does not have a wife/consort, therefore Allah does not have a son (walad). (6:101)

5. If Allah did have a wife or a consort, then allah would have sex with his wife/consort and produce a son (walad).

(Note: Am I being crude and vulgar? I don’t think so. We are talking about what Allah himself is saying when he refers to wife/consort & son (walad). How else is a son (walad) produced if it is not by sex? Is this the way an omnipotent creator thinks? The idea sound very man-made to me. It is obviously the thinking of a man’s mind that is spelled out in these verses.  A God who is real and all-powerful and all-knowing would not be discussing the need for a wife to produce a son.

The Quran denies that Allah has a “walad”. Fair enough.  However, where does the Quran deny the possibility of an “Ibn”. No where does the Quran say that Allah cannot have an “Ibn.”
In Surah 19:35, Allah says that he does not have son (walad) from sex because it is not befitting of his majesty. All he needs to say is “Be” and it is so. (Arabic: kun fayakun)

This verse is significant because it is said to be related to the birth of Jesus. (see also Sura 19:21). Is it true that God just said “kun fayakun” and Jesus was conceived and born?

That’s not what the Quran reports. Here’s what really went down that night.

The angel Jibreel came to Mary in the form of a human male. Sura 19:17

(side note: An angel takes the form of man. Can Allah do what an gel has the capability of doing? )

Back to our story. So the angel, who has taken the form of a man, now blows into the vagina of Mary. Yes, I said vagina. The arabic word used is “farj”. But the Quran’s translators, have toned it down using the word ‘garment/sleeves’ to “cover up”. The same story is repeated in Sura 66:12 and unmistakably, the word used is “nafakhna feehy” which means very clearly that ‘we blew into her organ/private parts/genitals’.

So that is how Jesus was conceived according, to the Quran. It was more than just “kun fayakun” as claimed.  How shocking and embarrassing it must have been for poor Mary. This young virgin who had never been with a man before and suddenly she’s confronted by a strange man. (The quran describes him as ‘well proportioned.) and he’s in front of her blowing into her!
Now we know why Muslims get so confused when we say Son of God.

Jesus did not become the Son of God when he was born of the virgin Mary. He was already the Son of God from the beginning, existing as the Word of God, before creation and before that Word became human. God is not Father because He produced a Son. He was already Father from the beginning, before creation.

So what does it mean when the Bible says Jesus is the Son of God? Ask a Christian and listen to them.

Sura 10:94 So if you are in doubt, [O Muhammad], about that which We have revealed to you, then ask those who have been reading the Scripture before you.

I Will Accept That The Bible Is Corrupted If….

I Will Accept That The Bible Is Corrupted If….

Every Muslim believes that the Bible has been corrupted or lost, either partially or fully.

There is just one question Muslims need to answer.

WHEN was it corrupted or lost?

BEFORE or AFTER the time of Muhammad?

(By corruption, I mean a change in the original revelation or message or the doctrines as claimed by Muslims.)

 

Who can can give me a clear answer with evidence for this question? Please follow along with me as we make several things clear. And then, by all means please provide your evidence so that I can also agree with you that the Bible has been corrupted.

 

What The Quran Says

First of all, let’s find out what the Quran says about the earlier scriptures.

The Quran clearly speaks of the earlier revelation to be a true revelation of God and affirms faith in the earlier books.

Sura 3:70, 98,99 – states that in Muhammad’s time there were in Arabia both Jews and Christians known as the People Of the Book. (The Book refers to the earlier scriptures).

Sura 5:43 acknowledges they DID have a book.  It was not lost. Sura 35:25 talks about the earlier books as the scriptures that give light

Other verses that affirm and praise the scriptures are : Sura 32:3; 5:68; 7:169; 2:40-42,126,136,285; 3:3,71,93; 4:47,136; 5:47-51, 69,71-72; 6:91; 10:37,94; 21:7; 29:45,46; 35:31; 46:11

In addition, you find that in the Quran, the word Injil (Gospel) is mentioned 12 times. The word Zabur (Psalms) is mentioned 13 times. The word Torah is mentioned 18 times. Not once does the Quran associate any kind of alteration or corruption in all these many references.  If those books were indeed corrupted, Allah would have made it abundantly clear, not just once or twice but over and over again, in every instance that the words Injil, Zabur and Torah are mentioned. In fact, the references speak highly of the sciptures (e.g. Torah – 32:23, 21:48 ; Zabur – 17:57, 4:163 ; Injil – 5:46-48. 19:30. 57:27) Theese books existed during the time of Muhammad and were not lost or corrupted.

This is further confirmed by verses such as Sura 35:25 which says that the books were sent by God Most High and received with divine guidance, so they CANNOT be corrupted by mere humans.

Sura 5:48 says that the Quran was given to CONFIRM the the earlier revelations, not to REPLACE.

The previous verse 5:47 exhorts the Christians to judge by the earlier revelation: “And let the People of the Gospel judge by what Allah has revealed therein…” How can the Christians judge by the earlier revelation if it did not exist anymore?

Sura 10:94: Allah says, “And if you are in doubt regarding what we have sent down to you, ask those (Christians) who read the scriptures before you.”

Note: the verb “read” is in present continuous tense meaning “those who are reading”. This means they had the book at the time this verse was revealed.  They were reading it at the time this verse was revealed. And, most importantly, it was not corrupt and not lost at the time this verse was revealed. Otherwise, it would not make any sense for Allah to tell Muhammad and Muslims to clarify doubts with a people reading a corrupt or lost book

 

Is there any verse in the Quran that implies the Bible has been changed?

Sura 3:78 says: “And indeed, there is among them a party who alter the Scripture with their tongues so you may think it is from the Scripture, but it is not from the Scripture. And they say, “This is from Allah ,” but it is not from Allah . And they speak untruth about Allah while they know.”

This is not referring to an alteration in the written word. It is pointing to individuals, or a group, who were teaching teaching false things from the scripture using their tongues. They were teaching lies by twisting the truth of the scripture and not that the written words of the previous scripture was changed.

Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas, Muhammad’s cousin and one of his companions confirms this:

“They corrupt the word” means “they alter or change its meaning”, yet no one is able to change even a single word from any Book of God. The meaning is that they interpret the word wrongly. 

(Kitaab (the book of) Al-Tawheed, Baab(chapter) Qawlu Allah Ta’ala, Bal Huwa Qur’aanun Majeed, fi lawhin Mahfooth) 

 

 The word “Tahrif” [corruption] signifies to change a thing from its original nature; and there is no man who could corrupt a single word of what proceeds from God, so that the Jews and Christians could corrupt only by misrepresenting the meanings of the word of God.” 

(Imam Muhammad Isma’il al-Bukhari in Dictionary of Islam, T. P. Hughes, Kazi Publications, Inc, 3023-27 West Belmont Avenue, Chicago Il. 60618, 1994, p.62)

 

What we can surmise from this is that DURING the time of Muhammad, the Bible was still true, genuine, authentic and uncorrupted and not lost.

Therefore, we can now come to the conclusion that: The Bible was NOT corrupted BEFORE the time of Muhammad.

 

After Muhammad

Thus, the Bible must have been corrupted AFTER the time of Muhammad? Could this be true?

Since the Quran was completed around the 8th century and so far we have the evidence from the Quran itself that the Bible was not corrupted before the 8th century AD. Now let’s hear from the great Muslim teachers, scholars and theologians who came AFTER the 8th century.

 

Could it have been corrupted in the 9th century AD?

Ali al-Tabari (died 855 AD) accepted the Gospel texts. So did Amr al-Ghakhiz (869 AD) and also Bukhari himself who has the most important collection of the Hadith (810-870 AD)

Al Tabari (838 – 923) openly acknowledged that the authentic Taurat and Injil remained in the hands of the Jews and the Christians. His only charge was that they did not always understand or accept the true meaning of their teachings

“… the first one which came into existence, is the Torah, which is in the hands of the People of the Book…As to the Gospel which is in the hands of the Christians, the greater part of it is the history of the Christ, His birth and His life.” (Tabari, The Book of Religion and Empire, p.51)

 

Al-Razi (865 – 925), a most famous Muslim scholar, known as “the Imam of Muslim Imams

“How could there be any alteration in the Book whose words’ sharpness has reached a great level of circulation in the East and in the West? … For no change can occur in a book that is well circulated among men. Every wise man can see that the alteration of the Bible was impossible for it was well circulated among men of different faith and backgrounds.” ( p.327 of his Third Volume)

 

Could it have been corrupted in the 10th century AD?

Al-Mas’udi (956 AD) says the Bible is preserved.

 

Could it have been corrupted in the 11th century AD?

Abu Ali Husain Bin Sina (1037 AD) says the Bible is authentic.

 

Could it have been corrupted in the 12th century AD?

Al-Ghazzali (1111 AD), one of the greatest Muslim scholars who ever lived, believed the Bible is true.

 

Could it have been corrupted in the 14th century AD?

Ismail ibn Kathir (1301–1373) was a Muslim Muhaddith (narrator), Faqīh, Mufassir, and Historian. He is the author of the most respected and widely used tafsir.

(Quoting Muhammad talking of the Jews and Christians) Ibn Kathir says: “David died in the midst of his friends. They were not led astray, nor changed [their books]. The Friends of Christ stayed in His ordinances and guidance for two hundred years.”  (Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya)

 

Could it have been corrupted in the 15th century AD?

NO says, Ibn-Khaldun (1406 AD) disagrees of such a possibility.

 

Could it have been corrupted in the 19th century AD?

According to Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan (1817 – 1898) , famous Muslim philosopher & founder of the Aligarh College,

“In the opinion of us Mohammedans it is not proved that corruption (tahrif-i-lafzi)…was practiced. As far as the text of the Bible is concerned, it has not been altered. No attempt was made to present a diverging text as the authentic one.

(M. H. Ananikian, “The Reforms and Religious Ideas of Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan”, The Moslem World 14 (1934) p.61)

 

Muhammad ‘Abduh (1849 – 1905), was an Egyptian jurist and religious scholar wrote:

“… the charge of corruption of the Biblical texts makes no sense at all. It would not have been possible for Jews and Christians everywhere to agree on changing the text. Even if those in Arabia had done it, the difference between their book and those of their brothers, let us say in Syria and Europe, would have been obvious…We believe that these Gospel accounts are the true Gospel.”

(Jacques Jomier, “Jesus, The Life of the Messiah”, C. L. S., Madras, 1974, p.216)

 

So WHEN was the Bible actually corrupted? No one knows. Who made this allegation?  And what is their evidence to say this? Any Muslim who make the claim the Bible is corrupted will be going against the statements of all these famous Muslim scholars above.  They’d be rolling in their graves if they hear you saying such things. Are you greater in knowledge than any of these men?

 

Now let’s say, for argument’s sake that the Bible was ‘somehow’ corrupted and all these scholars don’t know what they were taking about. This would open up a can of worms and lead to further questions for you to answer.

Like these concerns, for example: By 400AD, more than 200 years BEFORE Muhammad was born, the Bible was already available widely on 3 different continents, distributed far and wide, in multiple translations.

How was the text corrupted or changed? Did someone go all over the world to collect all the original bibles to burn them?  How is it possible to locate and destroy every single copy? Couldn’t someone have kept their Bible hidden? When were the new Bibles written? Did they make the same changes/alterations in the hundreds of different translations?  Who were these expert linguists who were recruited for this gigantic tasks of re-writing the bible in different translations and languages? Wasn’t there even one good Christian or Muslim or Jew who saved his “original” uncorrupted Bible and then produce it to prove to the world that the “new” Bible is different from the old original one? And who would decide what changes to make in the text of the Bible to say something other than the original? If the Jews did it, Christians would not agree. If Christians did it, the Jews would retaliate. And why didn’t any Muslim speak up or provide the evidence of the “original” bible if there was indeed corruption at any point in history?

 

In fact, as early as the 11th century, Fakhruddin Razi, on the authority of Ibn Abbas, a nephew of Muhammad, had said,

“The Jews and early Christians were suspected of altering the text of the Taurat and Injil; but in the opinion of eminent doctors and theologians it was not practicable thus to corrupt the text, because those Scriptures were generally known and widely circulated, having been handed down from generation to generation.”

 

If you insist that somehow corruption did take place after the time of Muhammad, it leads to further difficulties that is detrimental to the Quran and directly to Allah himself.   The Quran claims that no one can change the Word of God. Sura 6:34, 10:34

Muslims would say that this only applies to the Quran. Really? Then you’re contradicting Sura 2:136 which says there is no distinction between Allah’s revelation. A true Muslim is obliged to believe in all the revelations of God. Sura  4:136; 29:46.

Even so, if the original revelations of Allah were corrupted, what does this speak of Allah? Why couldn’t Allah preserve his words?  Why couldn’t he allow his words to be preserved? Were the people who corrupted his words greater than Aallah since it is their corrupted words that have been preserved for more than 2000 years rather than Allah’s original words which have been corrupted or lost.  Any Muslim who claims the Bible is corrupted is claiming that Allah is too weak and impotent to be able to protect his own words!

Finally, archaeological evidence. This seals it.

Manuscripts discovered from the 2nd, 3rd and 4th centuries, are virtually the same with the Bible today. They are available for any scholar, Muslim or Christian or Jewish or atheist, to study and examine and analyze. Even you can view the famous Codex Sinaiticus, containing the entire Bible, from 300+ AD, right this minute from your computer. This document was already available more than 300 years BEFORE Muhammad was born. Anyone can go ahead and compare this ancient document to the current Bible in your hands. Scholars who have conducted extensive research and studies on these manuscripts can say definitively that today’s Bible is virtually unchanged. Some minor variations due to copyist’s errors do not change anything in the message of the Bible or the doctrines of Christianity.

 

This means that AFTER the time of Muhammad, the Bible has still been proven to be true, genuine, authentic and uncorrupted and not lost.

Based on this, now we can come to the conclusion that: The Bible was NOT corrupted AFTER the time of Muhammad.

 

So why do Muslims still believe that the Bible is corrupted? Please tell me again when it was corrupted?

 

Quotes from more Islamic Scholars Who Say The Bible Is Preserved

Ibn Mazar and Ibn Hatim state, in the commentary known as the Tafsir Durr-I-Mansur, that they have it on the authority of Ibn Muniyah, that “the Taurat (i.e. the books of Moses), and the Injil (i.e. the Gospels), are in the same state of purity in which they were sent down from heaven, and that no alterations had been made in them, but that the Jews were wont to deceive the people by unsound arguments, and by wresting the sense of Scripture … Shah Waliyu ‘Illah (in his commentary, the Fauzul âl-Kabir), and also Ibn ‘Abbas, support the same view. 

(T. P. Hughes, Dictionary of Islam, Kazi Publications, Inc, 3023-27 West Belmont Avenue, Chicago Il. 60618, 1994, p.62)

 

Dr. Mahmoud Mustafa Ayoub (born 1938), is a Muslim scholar and professor of Islamic Studies and Comparative Religion at Temple University (USA).

Contrary to the general Islamic view, the Qur’an does not accuse Jews and Christians of altering the text of their scriptures, but rather of altering the truth which those scriptures contain. The people do this by concealing some of the sacred texts, by misapplying their precepts, or by altering words from their right position. 

(“Uzayr in the Qur’an and Muslim Tradition” in “Studies in Islamic and Judaic Traditions”, ed. W. M. Brenner and S. D. Ricks, The University of Denver, 1986, p.5)

… both the Hebrew Bible and the N.T. took their final form long before the rise of Islam. The Qur’an speaks of both the Torah and the Gospel as in them is guidance and light. It calls on the two faith-communities to judge by what God had revealed in their Scriptures. It also speaks that both Jews and Christians altered words from their right places and had forgotten some of what God had revealed for them. This does not mean distorting, adding, and deleting of the Scriptures. Therefore, Qur’anic references to tahrif, or alteration, are more to interpretation rather than changing the texts.

 

 

Ismail ibn Kathir =(1301–1373) was a Muslim Muhaddith (narrator), Faqīh, Mufassir, and Historian. He is the author of the most respected and widely used tafsir/

… as God says in the beginning of the Qur’an: “And who believe in that which is revealed unto thee (Muhammad) and that which was revealed before thee, and are certain of the Hereafter. These depend on guidance from their Lord. These are the successful.” (2:4,5) ”Some Muslims imagine that the Injil is corrupted. But as far as corruption is concerned, not even one among all the verses of the Qur’an mentions that the Injil or the Tawrat is corrupted. In the concerned passages it is written that the Jews – yes the Jews, not the Christians – alter the meaning of the passages from the Tawrat while they are explaining them. At least the Christians are completely exonerated from this charge. Hence the Injil is not corrupted and the Tawrat is not corrupted. For it does not necessarily follow that these Scriptures are corrupt because of the wrong opinion of some uninformed persons.

 

Sayyid Ahmad Husayn Shawkat Mirthi

“The ordinary Muslim people acknowledge that the Injil is the Word of God. Yet they also believe through hearsay (taqlidi ‘aqida) that the Injil is corrupted, even though they cannot indicate what passage was corrupted, when it was corrupted, and who corrupted it. Is there any religious community in this world whose lot is so miserable that they would shred their heavenly Book with their own hands, and then, after restlessly patching it with sackcloth, they must throw dust in the eyes of the people? True, some religious communities change the meaning (tahrif-i ma’nawi) of their Scriptures. To say that God has taken the Injil and the Tawrat into heaven and has abrogated them is to defame and slander God. It is to pour ridicule not only upon the Qur’an but upon all the Books. Abrogation always arises because of error. Laws of earthly kingdoms are abrogated because experience has proved that they are harmful. But God makes no mistake, nor does He lack experience.”

 

Mawlawi Chirag ud-Din

The Qur’an commands us to believe and to honour the previous Scriptures and apostles. According to Surah (Nisa): “O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His messenger and the Scripture which He hath revealed unto His messenger, and the Scripture which He revealed aforetime.” (4:136)

“When, therefore, it is commanded to believe in these Holy Scriptures, why consider the study of these Scriptures reprehensible? For when the order to believe the Qur’an and the Holy Scriptures is one and the same, how can one conclude that reading the Qur’an is a meritorious act, but that reading the Holy Scriptures is a punishable offence?”

 

Abdullah Saeed

Introduction to Abdullah Saeed’s The Charge of Distortion of Jewish and Christian Scriptures

A significant point of tension between today’s Muslims and the ‘People of the Book’ (Jews and Christians) is the common Muslim belief that the Jewish and Christian scriptures that exist today are corrupted and cannot be relied upon in any matters of faith, religion or law. Although this is a popular view, most classical scholars of the Qur’an were far more cautious in their understanding of Qur’anic texts on this issue. This article explores the Qur’an’s references to distortion of scriptural meaning and text, and the views of scholars, particularly Tabari, Qurtubi, Razi, Ibn Taymiyya and Qutb. Qur’anic words such as tahrif are popularly accepted today as referring to deliberate distortion of scripture; however, classical scholars have interpreted the Qur’an’s references in a number of different ways.Almost all suggested that distortion occurred mainly through interpretation and not in the text itself. Although the Qur’an refers to tahrif (distortion), it also exhibits the utmost respect for previous scriptures. Early Muslims adopted a narrow view of scripture, partly because of the nature of the Qur’an, and also in response to the more established religions of Judaism and Christianity, to assert the ‘purity’ of the Qur’an and Islam.

Saeed notes that the Jewish and Christian scriptures that exist today are, according to most scholars, largely unchanged since the time of Muhammad and should be respected now as they were then.

Prof. Abdullah Saeed – The Charge of Distortion of Jewish and Christian Scriptures – The Muslim World. Vol. 92, 2002

How Many Books In The Bible?

How Many Books In The Bible?

Muslim: Why do different Bibles have different numbers of books contained in them? What are the actual books contained in the Bible?

Christian: The Bible has 66 books. Thirty-nine in the Old Testament and twenty-seven in the New Testament. That is all. No more. No less. These are the inspired record of God’s word, written by prophets of God and eye witnesses of events. ALL Bibles contain these 66 books.

Muslim: So tell me what are those extra books in some Bibles?

Christian: The additional books are a collection of documents called the Apocrypha. They were not written by prophets, meaning they are not inspired by God like the scriptures are. They were written AFTER the last book of the Old Testament had been completed! They were written between 400 BC to 27 AD, by Jews for Jews, mainly to help in their understanding of Scriptures. These writings may be useful but it doesn’t mean they become part of the Bible. If a teacher of the scriptures writes a commentary/tafseer or notes explaining something in the scripture, or teaching about do the writings become the Bible? Of course not.

Muslim: Tell me more about Apocrypha

Christian: They are documents containing literature, history, moral teachings, stories etc. It is deemed useful for knowledge or to get an understanding of the historical period of the time and to learn good moral examples.

Muslim: I see…..

Christian: Let me try and explain it in a way you would understand.  Can you tell me what the Hadith is?

Muslim: Sure. Hadith is the collection of the record of the teachings, saying and deeds of Prophet Muhammad and his companions.

Christian: Right.  Is Hadith a part of the Quran?

Muslim: Of course not.

Christian: Are all Hadiths genuine?

Muslim: There are authentic Hadiths, but there are also fabricated and weak Hadiths.

 

Christian: Well, in a way, the Apocrypha can be compared to your Hadiths.  Some parts of the Apocrypha is sahih but there is much of the Apocrypha that is ma’udu and da’if; weak, fabricated and unreliable. Sahih or not, Apocrypha is not a part of the Bible, just like the Sahih Hadiths are not a part of the Quran.  Still just like the Hadiths, the Apocrypha is available to be read.  If a Muslims reads the Quran and Sahih Hadith Bukhari together, does it mean the Quran and Sahih Bukhari are one compilation together?

Muslim: OK. But how do you know the Apocrypha is weak and not reliable?

Christian: First of all, as I said it was not written by prophets.  The entire Old Testament writings were by prophets inspired by God to write.  The Apocrypha doesn’t fit into any part of the Old Testament.  It was not even written n the same language as the books of the Old Testament.

When Jesus taught and preached, He quoted from many parts of the Old Testament, including the Torah, Psalms (Zabur) and the writings of the prophets but never once did Jesus ever quote anything from the apocrypha writings.  When the disciples taught and preached, following the example of Jesus, they also quoted the words of Jesus and they quoted from the Old Testament, but they didn’t quote anything from the apocrypha.  The Apocrypha was already circulating and available at the time but was not accepted as inspired scripture in the 1st century AD!

Some centuries later, a few scholars suggested Apocrypha should be part of scriptures because of their usefulness but it was not accepted by the early church fathers.  It was only as recently as the 16th century, when the Catholic Church decided to print Bibles as usual, the 66 books and also include the Apocrypha, so it can be read as well to together with Scriptures.

This does not mean that the apocrypha is a new addition to the existing inspired Word of God. As I said the last book of the Old Testament was already completed by 400 BC. The apocrypha was written after that and began circulating later.

To summarize, the Apocrypha is like your Hadiths. Some are useful, some are fabricated. They are not part of inspired divine scriptures. Some of them may contain some useful moral teaching or you can read and enjoy the literature in Apocrypha or learn more about the history of the period, around 400 BC to 27 AD. That is all. Some people may accept some of the apocrypha as authentic (sahih), some may reject others as weak (da’if) but NONE of the apocrypha belongs in the Bible. There are 66 books int he Bible and that is the fact.

 

If interested, you can research and read more for yourself. I have provided some links below you can explore:

Does the Apocrypha Belong In The Bible?

The Canon Of The Bible

What Are The Books Of The Bible?